This is our 2nd Post of the Flask Tutorial Series.
In this post we will be creating a "Hello, World" application to demonstrate how easy it is to run a Flask Appliation.
Traditional Hello World Application:
Install the Flask package:
$ pip install flask
More details on setting up virtual environments will be demonstrated in the next post
Lets create the Hello World App:
from flask import Flask app = Flask(__name__) @app.route('/') def index(): return 'Hello, World!' if __name__ == '__main__': app.run(host='127.0.0.1', port=5000, debug=True)
Save the above code as
app.py and then run the application as follows:
$ python app.py * Running on http://127.0.0.1:5000/
It's Running, What Now?
We can see that our application is running on
127.0.0.1 and listening on port:
5000, if you point your browser to this URL, you will be returned with:
$ curl -i -XGET http://127.0.0.1:5000/ HTTP/1.0 200 OK Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8 Content-Length: 13 Server: Werkzeug/0.12.1 Python/2.7.12 Date: Thu, 30 Mar 2017 21:12:15 GMT Hello, World!
What exactly did we do here?
- First, we imported the Flask class from the flask module, using:
from flask import Flask
- Then we instantiate our application from the Flask class:
app = Flask(__name__)using our module's name as a parameter, where our app object will use this to resolve resources. We are using
__name__, which links our module to our app object.
- Next up we have the
@app.route('/')decorator. Flask uses decorators for URL Routing.
- Below our decorator, we have a view function, this function will be executed when the
'/'route gets matched, in this case returning
- The last line starts our server, and from this example it runs locally on
5000and debug is enabled, so any error details will be logged directly in the browser.
Let's Extend our Hello World App:
We would like to add the route
'/movie' which will return a random movie name:
import random from flask import Flask app = Flask(__name__) @app.route('/') def index(): return 'Hello, World!' @app.route('/movie') def movie(): movies = ['godfather', 'deadpool', 'toy story', 'top gun', 'forrest gump'] return random.choice(movies) if __name__ == '__main__': app.run(host='127.0.0.1', port=5000, debug=True)
Making a GET Request on the
$ curl -XGET http://127.0.0.1/movie forrest gump
This was just a basic example and will be covering more topics in detail at a further stage.
Next up, setting up our Python Environment, with Virtual Environment (virtualenv)
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