/ Linux

Setup Domain Controller on Linux using Samba 4

We will be setting up a CentOS Server as Domain Controller using Samba4 and then using a Windows client to authenticate against it.

This is a alternative to Microsoft's Active Directory.

In the following setup I will reference the DC as the Domain Controller, which we wil be setting up. Below is the rest of the referenced information:


$ yum update -y
$ rpm -Uvh
$ yum install glibc glibc-devel gcc libacl-devel krb5-workstation krb5-libs pam_krb5 python-devel gnutls gnutls-devel -y
$ rpm -qa | grep -i samba
$ yum install git-core -y

$ cd /opt/; git clone git://git.samba.org/samba.git samba-master
$ reboot

Setup Samba4:

$ cd /opt/samba-master/
$ ./configure --enable-debug --enable-selftest
$ make
$ make install

Provision the domain:

$ /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool domain provision


 Domain [LAN]:
  Server Role (dc, member, standalone) [dc]:
 DNS forwarder IP address (write 'none' to disable forwarding) []:
 Administrator password:
 Retype password:
  Looking up IPv4 addresses
  Looking up IPv6 addresses
  Setting up share.ldb
  Setting up secrets.ldb
  Setting up the registry
  Setting up the privileges database
  Setting up idmap db
  Setting up SAM db
  Setting up sam.ldb partitions and settings
  Setting up sam.ldb rootDSE
  Pre-loading the Samba 4 and AD schema
  Adding DomainDN: DC=lan,DC=bekkers,DC=co,DC=za
  Adding configuration container
  Setting up sam.ldb schema
  Setting up sam.ldb configuration data
  Setting up display specifiers
  Modifying display specifiers
  Adding users container
  Modifying users container
  Adding computers container
  Modifying computers container
  Setting up sam.ldb data
  Setting up well known security principals
  Setting up sam.ldb users and groups
  Setting up self join
  Adding DNS accounts
  Creating CN=MicrosoftDNS,CN=System,DC=lan,DC=bekkers,DC=co,DC=za
  Creating DomainDnsZones and ForestDnsZones partitions
  Populating DomainDnsZones and ForestDnsZones partitions
  Setting up sam.ldb rootDSE marking as synchronized
  Fixing provision GUIDs
  A Kerberos configuration suitable for Samba 4 has been generated at /usr/local/samba/private/krb5.conf
  Once the above files are installed, your Samba4 server will be ready to use
  Server Role:           active directory domain controller
  Hostname:              dc
  NetBIOS Domain:        LAN
  DNS Domain:            lan.bekkers.co.za
  DOMAIN SID:            S-1-5-21-172256615-2240083043-11205357

Reboot the server:

$ reboot

Start Samba and add to startup:

Start the DC:

$ /usr/local/samba/sbin/samba

Append on startup:

$ echo '/usr/local/samba/sbin/samba' >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local

Verify versions:

$ /usr/local/samba/sbin/samba -V
Version 4.5.0pre1-GIT-937d60f

$ /usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient --version
Version 4.5.0pre1-GIT-937d60f

List shares:

$ /usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient -L localhost -U%
Domain=[LAN] OS=[Windows 6.1] Server=[Samba 4.5.0pre1-GIT-937d60f]

        Sharename       Type      Comment
        ---------       ----      -------
        netlogon        Disk
        sysvol          Disk
        IPC$            IPC       IPC Service (Samba 4.5.0pre1-GIT-937d60f)
Domain=[LAN] OS=[Windows 6.1] Server=[Samba 4.5.0pre1-GIT-937d60f]

        Server               Comment
        ---------            -------

        Workgroup            Master
        ---------            -------

Verify smb.conf:

$ cat /usr/local/samba/etc/smb.conf


 # Global parameters
        netbios name = DC
        realm = LAN.BEKKERS.CO.ZA
        workgroup = LAN
        dns forwarder =
        server role = active directory domain controller

        path = /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol/lan.bekkers.co.za/scripts
        read only = No

        path = /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol
        read only = No

Network/DNS Configuration

Edit /etc/resolv.conf and configure our domain and nameserver to point to our current setup:

domain lan.bekkers.co.za

For static network configuration, edit /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 below is an example:

NAME="System eth0"

Then reboot:

$ reboot

Testing DNS:

$ host -t SRV _ldap._tcp.lan.bekkers.co.za
_ldap._tcp.lan.bekkers.co.za has SRV record 0 100 389 dc.lan.bekkers.co.za.
$ host -t SRV _kerberos._udp.lan.bekkers.co.za
_kerberos._udp.lan.bekkers.co.za has SRV record 0 100 88 dc.lan.bekkers.co.za.
$ host -t A dc.lan.bekkers.co.za
dc.lan.bekkers.co.za has address

Firewall Changes:

For the sake of this guide, I will be disabling the firewall:

$ service iptables stop
$ chkconfig iptables off

Kerberos Configuration:

$ mv /etc/krb5.conf /etc/krb.old
$ cp /usr/local/samba/share/setup/krb5.conf /etc/krb5.conf
$ vi /etc/krb5.conf
        default_realm = LAN.BEKKERS.CO.ZA
        dns_lookup_realm = false
        dns_lookup_kdc = true

Test Kerberos:

$ kinit administrator@LAN.BEKKERS.CO.ZA
Password for administrator@LAN.BEKKERS.CO.ZA:
Warning: Your password will expire in 41 days on Sat Apr 16 20:23:38 2016

Verify if ticket received:

$ klist
Ticket cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0
Default principal: administrator@LAN.BEKKERS.CO.ZA

Valid starting     Expires            Service principal
03/05/16 20:36:13  03/06/16 06:36:13  krbtgt/LAN.BEKKERS.CO.ZA@LAN.BEKKERS.CO.ZA
        renew until 03/06/16 20:36:10


$ yum install ntp -y
$ /etc/init.d/ntpd start
$ chkconfig ntpd on

From the Windows host/client, set time to sync to our server and join the windows host to the domain.

Samba Domain Contoller Usage:

Creating users:

$ cd /usr/local/samba/sbin/
$ ./samba-tool user add john
New Password:
Retype Password:
User 'john' created successfully

Verify Users:

$ ./wbinfo --name-to-sid john
S-1-5-21-172256615-2240083043-11205357-1104 SID_USER (1)

$ ./wbinfo --sid-to-uid S-1-5-21-172256615-2240083043-11205357-1104

Listing Users:

$ ./wbinfo -u

Listing Groups:

$ ./wbinfo -g
enterprise admins
domain computers

Samba Password Policies:

$ samba-tool domain passwordsettings set --complexity=off
$ samba-tool domain passwordsettings set --min-pwd-age=0
$ samba-tool domain passwordsettings set --max-pwd-age=0

Verify all processes are running:

To verify that all processes are running, try running the following:

$ ps axf | egrep "samba|smbd|nmbd|winbindd"