With automation in mind, when you want to execute docker commands remotely, you want to do it in a secure manner, as you don't want to expose your Docker port to the whole world.
One way in doing that, is forwarding the remote docker socket via a local port over a SSH Tunnel. With this way, you can execute docker commands locally on your workstation, as if the swarm is running on your workstation/laptop/node/bastion host etc.
Without the tunnel, I have a swarm on my laptop with no running services:
$ docker service ls ID NAME MODE REPLICAS IMAGE PORTS
As you can see, we have no services running, but the remote swarm has a couple, so after forwarding the connection, we should see our remote services.
Setting up the SSH Tunnel:
Here we will forward the remote docker socket:
/var/run/docker.sock to a local port bound to localhost:
$ screen -S docker $ ssh -oStrictHostKeyChecking=no -oUserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null -i ~/path/to/key.pem -NL localhost:2377:/var/run/docker.sock firstname.lastname@example.org
Now the SSH Tunnel will be established, and you can detach your screen session, or open a new shell session. To detach your screen session:
'ctrl + a' then d
Verifying that the tunnel is established:
You can use netstat to verify that the port is listening:
$ netstat -ant | grep 2377 tcp4 0 0 127.0.0.1.2377 *.* LISTEN
Inform the Docker Client to use the Port:
Now we need to inform the docker client, to use the new port to talk to the docker daemon. We do that by setting the
DOCKER_HOST environment variable to point to
$ export DOCKER_HOST="localhost:2377"
This will remain for the lifetime of the shell session.
Testing it Out:
Now we can run our commands locally, and we should see the output of our remote swarm:
$ docker service ls ID NAME MODE REPLICAS IMAGE PORTS xjta8e3ek2u2 apps_flask_reminders replicated 3/3 rbekker87/flask-reminders:debian 0l7ruktbqj99 apps_kibana replicated 1/1 kibana:latest ...
Terminating our SSH Tunnel:
To terminate our SSH Tunnel, reconnect to your shell session, and hit
ctrl + c:
$ screen -ls There is a screen on: 50413.docker (Detached) $ screen -r 50413
ctrl + c :
CKilled by signal 2.
And exit the screen session:
With this way, you can do lots of automation with docker swarm, not limited to swarm, but one of them.
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